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As a direct result of the Bavarian-Prussian feud, political parties formed to encourage Bavaria to break away and regain its independence.
In the early 20th century, Wassily Kandinsky , Paul Klee , Henrik Ibsen , and other artists were drawn to Bavaria, especially to the Schwabing district of Munich, a center of international artistic activity.
This area was devastated by bombing and invasion during World War II. Free State has been an adopted designation after the abolition of monarchy in the aftermath of World War I in several German states.
On 12 November , Ludwig III signed a document, the Anif declaration , releasing both civil and military officers from their oaths; the newly formed republican government , or "People's State" of Socialist premier Kurt Eisner ,  interpreted this as an abdication.
To date, however, no member of the House of Wittelsbach has ever formally declared renunciation of the throne. Family members are active in cultural and social life, including the head of the house, Franz, Duke of Bavaria.
They step back from any announcements on public affairs, showing approval or disapproval solely by Franz's presence or absence.
Eisner was assassinated in February , ultimately leading to a Communist revolt and the short-lived Bavarian Soviet Republic being proclaimed 6 April The Rhenish Palatinate was detached from Bavaria in and made part of the new state Rhineland-Palatinate.
The Bavarian Parliament did not sign the Basic Law of Germany , mainly because it was seen as not granting sufficient powers to the individual Länder , but at the same time decided that it would still come into force in Bavaria if two-thirds of the other Länder ratified it.
All of the other Länder ratified it, and so it became law. Bavarians have often emphasized a separate national identity and considered themselves as "Bavarians" first, "Germans" second.
Nowadays, aside from the minority Bavaria Party , most Bavarians accept that Bavaria is part of Germany. Franconia in the north, speaking East Franconian German ; Bavarian Swabia in the south west, speaking Swabian German ; and Altbayern so-called "Old Bavaria", the regions forming the "historic", pentagon-shaped Bavaria before the acquisitions through the Vienna Congress, at present the districts of the Upper Palatinate, Lower and Upper Bavaria speaking Austro-Bavarian.
In Munich, the Old Bavarian dialect was widely spread, but nowadays High German is predominantly spoken there. Uniquely among German states, Bavaria has two official flags of equal status, one with a white and blue stripe, the other with white and blue lozenges.
Either may be used by civilians and government offices, who are free to choose between them. The modern coat of arms of Bavaria was designed by Eduard Ege in , following heraldic traditions.
Because all of these countries are part of the Schengen Area , the border is completely open. Two major rivers flow through the state: The Bavarian Alps define the border with Austria including the Austrian federal-states of Vorarlberg, Tyrol and Salzburg , and within the range is the highest peak in Germany: The geographic centre of the European Union is located in the north-western corner of Bavaria.
Bavaria is divided into 7 administrative districts called Regierungsbezirke singular Regierungsbezirk. Bezirke districts are the third communal layer in Bavaria; the others are the Landkreise and the Gemeinden or Städte.
The Bezirke in Bavaria are territorially identical with the Regierungsbezirke , but they are self-governing regional corporation, having their own parliaments.
In the other larger states of Germany, there are Regierungsbezirke which are only administrative divisions and not self-governing entities as the Bezirke in Bavaria.
The second communal layer exists out of 71 rural districts called Landkreise , singular Landkreis that are comparable to counties.
They share the same administrative responsibilities as the 25 independent cities Kreisfreie Städte , singular Kreisfreie Stadt. The 71 administrative districts are on the lowest level divided into 2, regular municipalities called Gemeinden , singular Gemeinde.
Together with the 25 independent cities kreisfreie Städte , which are in effect municipalities independent of Landkreis administrations , there are a total of 2, municipalities in Bavaria.
In 44 of the 71 administrative districts, there are a total of unincorporated areas as of 1 January , called gemeindefreie Gebiete , singular gemeindefreies Gebiet , not belonging to any municipality, all uninhabited, mostly forested areas, but also four lakes Chiemsee -without islands, Starnberger See -without island Roseninsel , Ammersee , which are the three largest lakes of Bavaria, and Waginger See.
Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung  . The German Greens and the center-right Free Voters have been represented in the state parliament since and respectively.
However, in the subsequent elections the CSU lost the absolute majority for the first time in 46 years. The last state elections were held on 14 October in which the CSU lost its absolute majority in the state parliament in part due to the party's stances as part of the federal government, winning The Greens who had surged in the polls leading up to the election have replaced the social-democratic SPD as the second biggest force in the Landtag with The SPD lost over half of its previous share compared to with a mere 9.
Also entering the new parliament will be the right-wing populist Alternative for Germany AfD with Bavaria has a unicameral Landtag English: State Parliament , elected by universal suffrage.
Until December , there was also a Senat , or Senate , whose members were chosen by social and economic groups in Bavaria, but following a referendum in , this institution was abolished.
The Minister-President is elected for a period of five years by the State Parliament and is head of state.
With the approval of the State Parliament he appoints the members of the State Government. The State Government is composed of the:.
Political processes also take place in the 7 regions Regierungsbezirke or Bezirke in Bavaria, in the 71 administrative districts Landkreise and the 25 towns and cities forming their own districts kreisfreie Städte , and in the 2, local authorities Gemeinden.
In Bavaria introduced direct democracy on the local level in a referendum. This was initiated bottom-up by an association called Mehr Demokratie English: This is a grass-roots organization which campaigns for the right to citizen-initiated referendums.
In the Bavarian Supreme Court aggravated the regulations considerably including by introducing a turn-out quorum. Nevertheless, Bavaria has the most advanced regulations on local direct democracy in Germany.
This has led to a spirited citizens' participation in communal and municipal affairs— referenda took place from through Unlike most German states Länder , which simply designate themselves as "State of" Land [ The difference from other states is purely terminological, as German constitutional law does not draw a distinction between "States" and "Free States".
The situation is thus analogous to the United States, where some states use the style "Commonwealth" rather than "State". The choice of "Free State", a creation of the early 20th century and intended to be a German alternative to or translation of the Latin-derived "republic", has historical reasons, Bavaria having been styled that way even before the current Constitution was enacted in after the de facto abdication of Ludwig III.
Two other states, Saxony and Thuringia , also use the style "Free State"; unlike Bavaria, however, these were not part of the original states when the Grundgesetz was enacted but joined the federation later on, in , as a result of German reunification.
Saxony had used the designation as "Free State" from to In July , Bavaria's parliament enacted a new revision of the "Gefährdergesetz", allowing the authorities to imprison a person for a three months term, renewable indefinitely, when he or she has not committed a crime but it is assumed that he or she might commit a crime "in the near future".
Bavaria has long had one of the largest economies of any region in Germany, or Europe for that matter. Bavaria has a GDP per capita of over U. Meaning that if it were its own independent country it would rank 7th or 8th in the world.
Bavaria has a population of approximately All other cities in Bavaria had less than , inhabitants in Population density in Bavaria was per sq.
The state's population continues to decline . Some features of the Bavarian culture and mentality are remarkably distinct from the rest of Germany.
Noteworthy differences especially in rural areas, less significant in the major cities can be found with respect to religion, traditions, and language.
Bavarian culture Altbayern has a long and predominant tradition of Catholic faith. Otherwise, the culturally Franconian and Swabian regions of the modern State of Bavaria are historically more diverse in religiosity, with both Catholic and Protestant traditions.
As of [update] Bavarians commonly emphasize pride in their traditions. Traditional costumes collectively known as Tracht are worn on special occasions and include in Altbayern Lederhosen for males and Dirndl for females.
Centuries-old folk music is performed. Benfica Manchester City vs. Tottenham Hotspur Milan vs. Internazionale Manchester United vs.
Liverpool Bayern München vs. Manchester City Barcelona vs. Tottenham Hotspur PSG vs. Real Madrid Tottenham Hotspur vs. Half-time 2 - 1 Full-time 2 - 3.
Shabani 15' assist by Rafinha. Robben 24' assist by F. Player Bookings 26 S. Ulreich 13 Rafinha 27 D. Robben 24' 7 F.
Bayern city -Nicht nur Bayern München rätselt: Telekom empfiehlt Exklusiv über t-online. Bericht schreiben Im Interesse unserer User behalten wir uns vor, jeden Beitrag vor der Veröffentlichung zu prüfen. Den entscheidenden Elfmeter verwandelte Alex Sandro. Museums Bayerisches Nationalmuseum Bavarian National Museum, one of the largest museums in Europe focussing on fine arts as well as cultural history. Im so finanzstarken Sommer kaufte Guardiola eine komplett neue Abwehr ein.
Bavarians commonly emphasize pride in their traditions. Traditional costumes collectively known as Tracht are worn on special occasions and include in Altbayern Lederhosen for males and Dirndl for females.
Centuries-old folk music is performed. The Maibaum , or Maypole which in the Middle Ages served as the community's yellow pages , as figurettes on the pole represent the trades of the village , and the bagpipes in the Upper Palatinate region bear witness to the ancient Celtic and Germanic remnants of cultural heritage of the region.
There are a lot of traditional Bavarian sports disciplines, e. Whether actually in Bavaria, overseas or full of citizens from other nations they continue to cultivate their traditions.
They hold festivals and dances to keep their traditions alive. In New York City the German American Cultural Society is a larger umbrella group for others such as the Bavarian organizations, which represent a specific part of Germany.
They proudly put forth a German Parade called Steuben Parade each year. Various affiliated events take place amongst its groups, one of which is the Bavarian Dancers.
Bavarians tend to place a great value on food and drink. Bavarians are particularly proud [ citation needed ] of the traditional Reinheitsgebot , or beer purity law, initially established by the Duke of Bavaria for the City of Munich i.
According to this law, only three ingredients were allowed in beer: In the Reinheitsgebot made its way to all-German law, and remained a law in Germany until the EU partly struck it down in as incompatible with the European common market.
Bavaria is also home to the Franconia wine region , which is situated along the Main River in Franconia. The region has produced wine Frankenwein for over 1, years and is famous for its use of the Bocksbeutel wine bottle.
The production of wine forms an integral part of the regional culture, and many of its villages and cities hold their own wine festivals Weinfeste throughout the year.
Mainly three German dialects are spoken in Bavaria: In the small town Ludwigsstadt in the north, district Kronach in Upper Franconia, Thuringian dialect is spoken.
In the 20th century an increasing part of the population began to speak Standard German , mainly in the cities.
Bavarians consider themselves to be egalitarian and informal. In traditional Bavarian beer gardens, patrons may bring their own food but buy beer only from the brewery that runs the beer garden.
In the United States, particularly among German Americans , Bavarian culture is viewed somewhat nostalgically, and several "Bavarian villages" have been founded, most notably Frankenmuth, Michigan ; Helen, Georgia ; and Leavenworth, Washington.
Since , the latter has been styled with a Bavarian theme and is home to an Oktoberfest celebration it claims is among the most attended in the world outside of Munich.
Bavaria is home to several football clubs including FC Bayern Munich , 1. Bayern Munich is the most popular and successful football team in Germany having won a record 27 German titles.
They are followed by 1. FC Nürnberg who have won 9 titles. Fortress Marienberg and the Alte Mainbrücke in Würzburg.
Plassenburg Castle in Kulmbach. Basilica of the Vierzehnheiligen. Veste Coburg in Coburg. Festspielhaus of Richard Wagner in Bayreuth.
Kastell Biriciana, Weissenburg close to the Limes. Castle of Neuburg an der Donau. Old Stone Bridge and Cathedral of Regensburg.
Walhalla temple in Donaustauf near Regensburg. Bartholomew at the Königssee. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bavaria disambiguation.
For other uses, see Bayern disambiguation. State of Germany in Germany. Flag of Bavaria and Coat of arms of Bavaria. List of places in Bavaria.
Religion in Bavaria — Religion Percent Catholics. Imperial Castle in Nuremberg. Nymphenburg Palace in Munich. Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung in German.
Portal of the Federal Statistics Office Germany. Archived from the original on 28 April Retrieved 31 August Unjust Seizure 1st ed.
The Early Medieval World: Early Medieval Europe, — Reordering Marriage and Society in Reformation Germany. Historical Dictionary of the French Revolution 2 ed.
One Europe, Many Nations: Flags of the World. Retrieved 19 September Retrieved 3 July Gesellschaftsstatistik by Wilhelm Winkler, p.
Archived from the original on 22 July Archived from the original on 27 October Links to related articles. St George's Shield Gesellschaft von Sanktjörgenschild.
Bavarian Circle — of the Holy Roman Empire. Electors of the Holy Roman Empire from to Added in the 17th century. Added in the 19th century.
States of the Confederation of the Rhine — Berg Frankfurt 1 Würzburg. Aschaffenburg 2 Leyen Regensburg 2. States of the German Confederation — Prussia 1 Bavaria Saxony Hanover Württemberg.
Official tourism site of Bayerischer Wald. Munich München Landeshauptstadt München, the state capital.
Augsburg The city was laid to waste by the Huns in the fifth century, by Charlemagne in the eighth, and by Welf of Bavaria in the eleventh; it rose each time only to greater prosperity.
Fürth In , the first German railway was opened between Nuremberg and Fürth. Nürnberg Nuremberg Albrecht Dürer was born here.
Rothenburg ob der Tauber The city is known for its well-preserved medieval old town. Würzburg The university city on the Main River.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information. Universität Augsburg Augsburg, founded Naturpark Frankenhöhe The nature park is situated in the northeast of the famous city Rothenburg o.
Spessart Naturpark Spessart A nature reserve in the Spessart, a densely wooded hill chain in northwestern Bavaria and southern Hesse.
Naturparke Deutschland A guide to nature and national parks in Germany. Due to the political rebuild of Germany with new regional divisions, Bavaria lost the Rhenish Palatinate region to Rhineland-Palatinate in Bavarian history An overview and timeline of Bavaria's history from the state government's site.
History of Bavaria Bavaria's history from till History of Bavaria Wikipedia entry about Bavaria's history. More about Bavaria Wikipedia: One World - Nations Online Nations Online Project is made to improve cross-cultural understanding and global awareness.
Player Bookings 26 S. Ulreich 13 Rafinha 27 D. Robben 24' 7 F. Shabani 15' 28 P. Player Bookings 1 C. Zinchenko 39 Douglas Luiz 47 P. Nmecha 51' 55 Brahim Diaz 74 L.
Player Bookings 22 S. Gnabry for Rafinha 46' 40 J. Wagner 75' 16 R. Will 75' 31 M. Zaiser 30 Jeong Woo-Yeong 38 J.
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